Their "70 Weeks" Exposed - Source Book

Their "70 Weeks" Exposed

Daniel 9:24-27    

SECTION 1    A Traditional Jewish Translation & Commentary

24. Seventy weeks are decreed upon your people and upon your holy city to finish the transgression, to end sin, to atone for iniquity, to bring eternal righteousness, to seal vision and prophet, and to anoint the Holy of Holies.

25. Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem until an anointed one, a prince, shall be seven weeks; and for sixty and two weeks it will be built with street and moat, but in troubled times.

26. And after the sixty and two weeks, an anointed one will be cut off, and have nothing, and the people of a prince who shall come shall destroy the city and the Sanctuary and its end will be with a flood. Until the end of a war desolations are decreed.

27. And he will make a firm covenant with many for one week, and half the week he will abolish sacrifice and offering ...

To understand a passage one must always study it in context. In the beginning of Daniel chapter  9, we find:

Daniel 9:2

In the first year of Darius' reign, I, Daniel, considered in the Books the number of years about which the word of the L-rd came to Jeremiah the Prophet which must pass before the end of the ruins of Jerusalem, namely seventy years.

Daniel was living in Babylon in the exile after its army destroyed Jerusalem and the 1st Temple:

II Kings 25:21 Judah was carried away out of his land.

This was the prophecy that Daniel was considering:

Jeremiah 29:10

For thus says the L-rd: "When seventy years are finished for Babylon I will remember you, and fulfill for you My promise to bring you back to this place."

In Daniel 9:3-20, Daniel prays for the Jewish people, praising G-d, and imploring Him to end the exile, and build the Temple and Jerusalem. He concludes:

Daniel 9:21-23

While I was speaking in prayer the man Gabriel [angel] whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning came to me in swift flight about the time of the evening sacrifice. He made me understand, and talked with me and said: 'O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you wisdom, and understanding. At the beginning of your supplications a word went forth, and I have come to tell it to you, for you are greatly beloved, therefore, consider the word, and understand the vision'

The angel then explained the major events that would occur during the first 490 years after the destruction of the 1st Temple, and Jeremiah's prophecy that it and Jerusalem will be rebuilt (30:18 below):

Daniel 9:24

Seventy weeks are decreed upon your people, and upon your holy city...

A "week" is a 7 year period:

Leviticus 25:8

And you shall number seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, and there shall be to you the days of seven weeks of years, even forty-nine years.

Therefore, "70 weeks" equals 490 years.

Daniel 9:24 finish the transgression, to end sin, to atone for iniquity, and to bring eternal righteousness...

The purpose of this 490 year trial period was to give the Jewish people a chance to prove their loyalty to G-d, and His Torah by repenting properly. Had they done so, then AFTER it ended in 70 C.E. the Messiah would have ushered in the Messianic Era, and these blissful promises would have been fulfilled. Instead, the 2nd Temple was destroyed, and they were again exiled.

Daniel 9:24

...and to seal vision and prophet...

During this 490 year period vision and prophecy ceased with the Prophet Malachi.

Daniel 9:24

...and to anoint the Holy of Holies.

This was the building of the 2nd Temple.

Daniel 9:25 restore and to build Jerusalem until an anointed one, a prince, shall be seven weeks...

Seven weeks of years after the destruction of the 1st Temple, Cyrus, this anointed prince appeared, just as Isaiah the Prophet had foretold some 250 years before:

Isaiah 45:1, 13

Thus says the L-rd to His anointed, to Cyrus...I have aroused Cyrus in righteousness, and I will straighten all his ways, HE SHALL BUILD MY CITY and set MY EXILES FREE neither for price nor for reward says the L-rd of hosts.

This promise was repeated much later:

Jeremiah 30:18

Thus says the L-rd: Behold, I will restore the captivity of Jacob's tents and have compassion on his dwellings, and the CITY SHALL BE REBUILT upon its mound, and the PALACE shall stand on its proper place.

And so it was, Cyrus fulfilled the word of G-d through His Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. He permitted the Jewish people to return to Jerusalem to rebuild it and the Temple:

Ezra 1:1, 3

Now in the first year of Cyrus, king of Persia, in order that the word of the L-rd by the MOUTH OF JEREMIAH might be accomplished the L-rd stirred up the spirit of Cyrus, king of Persia to make a proclamation...Whoever there is among you of all His people his G-d be with him, let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the House of the L-rd, the G-d of Israel, He is the G-d Who is in Jerusalem.

Daniel 9:25

...and for sixty and two weeks it shall be built with street, and moat, but in troubled times.

This is the only contemporary record as to when the rebuilding of Jerusalem was completed. Our enemies were a constant source of delay. In fact, their incitement resulted in King Artaxerxes 1 stopping all construction work for years!:

Ezra 4:21, 23

Now issue a decree halting these people, this CITY shall not be built until a decree shall be issued by me...Then, when the copy of King Artaxerxes' letter was read...they went up in haste to Jerusalem to the Jews and made them to cease by force and power.

Daniel 9:26

And after the sixty and two weeks an anointed one shall be cut off, and have nothing...

This 2nd "anointed one" was King Agrippa II of Judah. During the war his Jewish subjects dethroned him, and he fled to the Roman side.

Daniel 9:26

...and the people of a prince who shall come shall destroy the city, and the Sanctuary...

Jerusalem, and the 2nd Temple were destroyed by the Roman army originally led by General Vespasian. When he became the Roman emperor, his son Titus, the new crown prince, took over the command. Thus, he is the 3rd prince of Daniel.

Daniel 9:26

...and its end will be with a flood. Until the end of a war, desolations are decreed.

Jerusalem's end was like a flood. Compare:

Nahum 1:8

But with an overrunning flood, He will make a full end of its place...

Daniel 9:27

And he will make a firm covenant with many for one week, and half the week he will abolish sacrifice, and offering ...

Titus made a peace agreement with the Jewish leaders. However, he broke this covenant after the 1st half week (3.5 years)112 and prohibited sacrifices.113

According to the Hebrew Bible these weeks of years begin with the destruction of the 1st Temple. Therefore, since Jesus died about 33 C.E. 36 years (5 weeks of years) before the destruction of the 2nd Temple he could not have been any one of these 3 individuals.


After Creation114 (Appendix has B.C.E. dates)

The "70 years" prophecy ---- 3338115 to 3408
From the destruction of the 1st Temple to the building of the 2nd Temple.
(Jeremiah 29:10; Daniel 9:2)

70 weeks (490 years)---- 3338 to 3828
From the destruction of the 1st Temple to the destruction of the 2nd Temple.
(Daniel 9:24-27)

Of these 70 weeks:

7 weeks (52 years)---- 3338 to 3390
From the destruction of the 1st Temple to the decree of Cyrus, the 1st anointed prince.
(Daniel 9:25)


62 weeks (438 years)---- 3390 to 3828
From the decree of Cyrus to King Agrippa II, the 2nd anointed.
(Daniel 9:25-26)

The 70th week----3821 to 3828
Involved Vespasian, Titus the 3rd prince, destruction of Jerusalem and the 2nd Temple.
(Daniel 9:26-27)


SECTION 2   Refutation of Missionary Translation, Interpretations, and Calculations

The reader is informed that only non-Jewish historical dates the same which missionaries accept are quoted in Section 2. At the end of the 1st Temple Era they were 164 years earlier than traditional Jewish chronology. Because of this great divergence only the years from Creation as recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures were referenced in Section 1. (see Appendix)
The idea that Jesus was being foretold in our passage under discussion was a later thought. The writers of the New Testament did not claim that he was. This is very telling because anything that could have even remotely been referring to Jesus was quoted as definitely speaking of him. Nevertheless, missionaries were determined to lessen the impact its omission has upon people.
They did so, initially by saying "...from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem ..." was a prophecy which was foretelling King Artaxerxes' 1 decree in 445 B.C.E. And it was from then that the 70 weeks of years began. In contrast, we have shown in Section 1, that this 490 year period started when Jeremiah prophesied that Jerusalem and the Temple would be built. His prophecies were said after the 1st Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C.E. This is what "from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem... " was referring to.
Because this proclamation was made about 620 years before Jesus died, far beyond the 490 year timeline, missionaries ignore it. Also they claim that Cyrus could not be the 1st anointed because his decree only mentioned the Temple, thus he did not build the city. But their assertion contradicts G-d's word through His Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. (see Section 1)
Josephus, the 1st Century historian, also confirmed that the city was included in the decree of Cyrus. He quoted the letter that Cyrus wrote to the governors of Syria:

"I have given leave to as many of the Jews that dwell in my country as please to return to their own country, and to rebuild their CITY, and to build the Temple of G-d in Jerusalem, on the same place where it was before." (Antiquities Book 11, Chapter 1, Section 3)


DANIEL  9:25 -26

"Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of the command to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be 7 weeks, and 60 and 2 weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troubled times. And after 60 and 2 weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;..."

a. This is the present day Kings James translation, the most popular Bible among missionaries. The comma after 7 weeks, and a colon after 60 and 2 weeks is just what they asked for - literally! Very tellingly, these punctuation marks are different from the ones found in the original 1611 C.E. version. There, the 70 weeks are divided into 3 separate weeks of years 7, 62 and 1, duplicating the traditional Jewish version:

...unto the Messiah the Prince shall be 7 weeks; and 60 and 2 weeks, the street shall be built again,...

b. Missionaries claim that the "7 weeks" (49 years) are separated from the "62 weeks" because that was how long it took to build either the Temple, wall, or city. This is not true. The Temple was built over a 20 year period (Ezra 3:8 -10, 6:15) 536 - 516 B.C.E. while Cyrus, and Darius Hystaspis were kings. This was years before the reign of Artaxerxes 1 even began! The wall was completed in 52 days (Nehemiah 6:15) in 445 B.C.E. Neither the Hebrew Bible, historical records nor their translation of Daniel has Jerusalem being rebuilt in 49 years.(see Section 1)

Other missionaries claim that there is no separation, just one period of 69 weeks, plus the 70th week. But this also cannot be. In the Hebrew Bible sum totals are written only with their own numbers, 69 would be 60 and 9, or 9 and 60. Compare Genesis 5:27 and Ezra 2:4-5 in the Hebrew.

c. " restore and to build Jerusalem..." To build (Livnot) - manual labor. Compare:

1 Kings 5:9 "And I purpose to build a house..." (Livnot)

To restore (L'hashiv) - To bring back the exiled Jews. This was in fulfillment of:

Jeremiah 29:10 "...When seventy years are finished for Babylon I will remember you and fulfill for you My promise to bring you back to this place." (L'hashiv)

The reference to the street and "wall" only symbolized the larger work of building the city. It is not a criteria per se in determining the real decree. Missionaries, however claim a prophetic connection between this wall and the wall Artaxerxes 1 permitted to be built in Jerusalem in 445 B.C.E. (Nehemiah 2:8) Thus, identifying this decree as starting the 490 years.

But the two Hebrew words, both which they translate as "wall" are different. "Chomah" in Nehemiah literally means wall. Daniel's "charuts" literally means to cut in, or dig. It is primarily translated as moat. Also, if the wall is a signal pointing to the real decree, then the street must also be, yet none of the Persian decrees mentions it.

d. The Hebrew word mashiach appears in the Hebrew Bible 39 times. The Greek Septuagint translation completed in 246 B.C.E. understood it to mean anointed (xpiotou), exclusively, as does traditional Judaism. Curiously, the King James Bible translates it only here as Messiah. The other 37 places has anointed.

e. In the Hebrew text, the definite article "the" represented by the letter hey before "mashiach" and before "Prince" does not exist. The insertion of them was to give the impression that the one and distinct Redeemer was being referred to. Compare this verse with Leviticus 4:5 in the Hebrew. There, the letter hey which is written ha, does appear twice: ha-kohen ha-mashiach. Literally: The Priest the mashiach. The translation of which is: "The anointed one, the Priest shall take the blood of the bullock..."

f. Conversely, "the" does appear before the second 60 and 2 weeks: "And after the 60 and 2 weeks shall..." but to conceal that our passage is foretelling 3 periods of time, 7, 62, and 1 week of years, it was omitted. This was done to make it seem as if 7 and 62 was a single time period of 69 weeks of years ( 69 x 7 ) = 483 years. This was the amount of time that is suppose to have elapsed from when Artaxerxes 1 issued his decree until Jesus the "Messiah" died and was "cut off". However, if this was correct, it would have said: "And after the 69 weeks shall mashiach be cut off,..."

g. "will be cut off" (yikaret). Whether this was a spiritual, or physical punishment it is revealing that Jesus who is suppose to be sinless, is said to be a recipient of it!

Numbers 15:30 "But the person who does anything DEFIANTLY...will be cut off from among his people." (yikaret)

h. "but not for himself" is wrong. "ve'ein " means - and have nothing. Compare:

Proverbs 13:7 "There is one who pretends to be rich and has nothing" (ve'ein)


We saw in Section 1 that it was the decree of King Cyrus that was to be issued after the first 7 weeks of years. He did so in the year 538 B.C.E. However, this date was too early to be the starting point for Jesus to be the Messiah after their 483 years ended. This time period would have elapsed before he was even born. Therefore, the later decree of Artaxerxes 1 in 445 B.C.E. had to be chosen instead. It authorized Nehemiah to be supervisor over building the walls of Jerusalem. This took place:


a. Scholars disagree which year it was issued in...445 B.C.E. or 444 B.C.E.

b. The day is lost. It is not written in the Hebrew Scriptures. There is no Jewish tradition about it, nor is there a general rule to follow when a date is not given. Missionaries, however need to begin their 483 years from the 1st day of Nisan. Therefore, they say that when the day is missing it is the Jewish custom to declare that it was the 1st day of the stated month. Usually, they don't cite a source of reference. This is because there is NONE. If one is quoted, research it to see if it exists and if so, what does it really say.

c. If this was really a directive leading exactly to Palm Sunday 32 C.E., then the all - important day when it was announced would have been written, so that we would know the starting date of this "time prophecy".

d.Their 483 years (69 x 7) from 445 B.C.E. arrived at 39 C.E.; years too late for Jesus to have died in. Usually, they don't tell you this, because it would be obvious that their additional math steps were needed only to end at an earlier year.

They hide their real end year of 39 C.E. by employing a triple digit multiplication of 69 x 7 x 360 = 173,880 days. This 360 day "prophetic" or calendar year multiplier is said to have been in use during the Hebrew Bible Era, although it is not known in the Jewish religion. (see Appendix)

Their 173,880 days were then divided by 365.2422; the number of days in a solar year. This reduced their 483 years by 7 years to 476, and the original 39 C.E. end year became 32 C.E.

e. Nevertheless, a calculation designed to reach the year that Jesus died in is doomed to fail from the outset. THE YEAR IS NOT KNOWN. Therefore, we can not even know if their computations ended at the correct year. So why study and publicize them? It is unknown because his crucifixion was only one of many thousands, and it was not the monumental event that they want you to believe.

Josephus describes how common it was: "So great was their multitude, that space could not be found for the crosses, nor crosses for their bodies." (Wars, Book 5, Chapter 11, Section 1)

The above disputation was written to reveal the flaws in the explanation of Robert Anderson in 1894. He has a starting date of March 14, 445 B.C.E. and ends on Sunday, April 6, 32 C.E. But, since all of their calculations stem from the same translation of Daniel 9, and each of them begin their 483 years from a decree issued by Artaxerxes 1, much of it applies to each of them.

Dating New Testament events with true accuracy is not possible. Its information is too scant and vague. Outside sources are also not definitive. Therefore, scholars can only state that:

Jesus was born between 6 and 4 B.C.E.        And died between 30 and 36 C.E.

Jesus was baptized / ministry began between 27 and 29 C.E.        And lasted 1 to 3 years


With these unknowns surrounding Jesus, one can also see the recklessness in this other 70 weeks of years calculation of theirs. Missionaries claim, without Scriptural evidence, that Artaxerxes' 1 decree was issued:

Ezra 7:7 "... IN THE 7th YEAR OF ARTAXERXES THE KING..." and that it was from then that the 70 weeks of years began. But, Scripture ONLY says that in this year, Ezra and his group left Persia and arrived in Jerusalem (Ezra 7:7-9).

Historically, it is unknown whether his 7th year was in 458 B.C.E. or 457 B.C.E. The uncertainty here, as well as when his later decree was announced (Nehemiah 2:1 Section 2 above) stems from a disagreement among the leading authorities as to when his reign began....465 B.C.E. or 464 B.C.E. But they agree that the day and month when this decree was given is not known. (For a variety of opinions Google - Artaxerxes 1 465   then afterwards   Artaxerxes 1 464)

The Hebrew Bible introduces this decree by stating:

Ezra 7:1, 6 " Now after these things in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia,... the king granted Ezra all his request,....".

But if this decree really started the 490 year timeline directly to Jesus, then Scripture would have written "in the 7th year of," instead of the vague "in the reign of." Also, why are we not told when and what "these things" were? (Their Chronology has a 58 year silent period between the completion of the Temple (Ezra 6:15), and this decree of Artaxerxes 1 to Ezra). (See Appendix) Or what occurred from when the decree was announced and Ezra's departure to Jerusalem? Omissions that could have dated this decree.

Missionaries do not have an explanation for this blanket of silence at the exact point where they would expect the Hebrew Bible to be explicit. Therefore, they can only say that his decree did not go into effect when it was signed, but later, AFTER Ezra arrived in Jerusalem, because he needed to give it to the Persian government officials who did not know about it! Besides the obsurdity of their claim, there were details of the decree that needed to be done immediately, even BEFORE the group were allowed to leave:

1. The decree said that any Jew who volunteered would be allowed to depart with the group (Ezra 7:13).

1,496 men besides the women and children accepted the offer (Ezra 8:1-14).

2. The silver and gold that the king "freely offered to the G-d of Israel" were to be taken with them (Ezra 7:15).

3. They were also ordered to gather and bring with them the silver, gold, and free-will offerings donated by the general population (Ezra 7:16).

From what had to be done to satisfy the king, plus the planning and preparation for caring for this large group of people travelling 4 months must have taken a considerable amount of time. How long is unknown.

The Jews and Persian officials who were in Jerusalem needed to be informed of the decree quickly so that they could facilitate the king's wishes before and after the group arrived. For instance, the decree specified that individuals working in the Temple be exempt from paying taxes (Ezra 7:24). The king did not need to wait until Ezra reached Jerusalem before it could be implemented, he had a fast and efficient communication network in place. The Book of Esther which also chronicles the Jews exiled in Persia informs us about it:

Esther 8:14 "So the posts that rode on swift horses that were used in the king's service went out being hastened and pressed on by the king's decree..."

Esther 9:30 "And he sent letters to all the Jews, to 127 provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus,..."


1st month - Nisan  (March/April) *** 5th month - Av  (July/August) *** 7th month - Tishrei  (September/October)

The Jewish year changes to the next in Tishrei, but it was never counted as the 1st calendar month, nor did its place as the 7th month ever change. Without exception, in the Hebrew Bible the 1st month is always Nisan:

Esther 3:7 "...the 1st month which is the month Nisan."

Exodus 12:2 "...It (Passover month) shall be the 1st month of the year to you."

Passover, the holiday during which Jesus died always falls out in Nisan.

Leviticus 23:5 "The L-rd's Passover begins at twilight on the 14th day of the 1st month."

Ezra 6:19 "And the children of the exile kept the Passover on the 14th day of the 1st month."

At this point, we confidently state that since Ezra departed to Jerusalem with the decree in his possession "on the 1st day of the 1st month" the 7th year of the king (Ezra 7:8-11), the decree was issued during the prior year, or even earlier.

Their journey lasted exactly 4 months. From the 1st of Nisan to the 1st of Av "...And he came to Jerusalem in the 5th month which was in the 7th year of the king" (Ezra 7:8-9). The earliest dates for their trip was from March to July, and the latest was from April to August. They arrived in the SUMMER. Missionaries agree with these dates, but they say that the decree did not go into effect until Autumn / Fall 457 B.C.E. because they must begin their 3.5 years ministry from Autumn / Fall 27 C.E. and end in Spring 31 C.E. the season when Jesus died.


Autumn / Fall____457 B.C.E______After Ezra arrived in Jerusalem, the decree went into effect.

PLUS__________483 years______(69 weeks of years.....69 x 7).

Autumn / Fall_____27 C.E________When Jesus was baptized and began his ministry.

PLUS___________3.5 years______The length of time his ministry lasted.

Spring__________31 C.E_________When he died and was "cut off ".

Their computation has Jesus being crucified 3.5 years AFTER their 483 years elapsed, in the 70th week, because their 69 weeks ended in 27 C.E., a year that was too early for him to have died in. This extended time period overlaps Daniel 9:26, which speaks about another person, "a prince who shall come". With the absence of the Hebrew letter hey (the) as a prefix, this is the correct translation. Therefore, this prince can not be conclusively identified with the prince in verse 9:25.

A 3.5 years ministry is too long. Matthew 26-27, Mark 14-15, and Luke 22-23 in detailing Jesus' public life after his baptism refer to only 1 Passover, and that he died within 1 day of it. Thus, his ministry was not longer than 1 full year. John 19 agrees that this is when Jesus was crucified, but he also has 2 earlier Passovers during his ministry (John 2 and 6). So, according to him, Jesus' ministry lasted a maximum of  3 complete years.

This decree permitted all Jews the right to accompany Ezra to Jerusalem, and ordered that magistrates, and judges be appointed. It stated the penalties for disobeying the Laws of the Torah, or the king. The rest of it was concerned with the already built House of G-d, the altar, and the people working therein (Ezra 7:13-26).



1st Temple destroyed and Jeremiah's prophecy that it and Jerusalem will be rebuilt (see Section 1)--- 423 B.C.E.
Cyrus' decree - Zerubbabel led return to Jerusalem --- 371
2nd Temple construction begins --- 370
Darius the Persian completed 2nd Temple construction --- 349
Darius the Persian's decree - Ezra led return to Jerusalem --- 348
Darius the Persian's decree - Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem --- 335

The 490 years was from 423 B.C.E. to 70 C.E. It was the 70 years of Babylon exile, plus the 420 years that the 2nd Temple stood. Only AFTER its termination would the Messiah have been allowed to appear. Since Jesus died some 36 years BEFORE, he cannot be him.

Darius the Persian was the son of King Ahasuerus and Queen Esther. Hence, he was Jewish. Along with 4 other Persian kings, he was called Artaxerxes. It was a throne title the same as Pharaoh and Caesar were.

The Temple was finished in the month of Adar, in the 6th year of Darius the Persian (Ezra 6:15), and 13 months later in Nisan in his 7th year, Ezra and his group departed for Jerusalem (Ezra 7:7-9). He is so named in Nehemiah 12:22.


The number of days that each of our months have alternates between 29 and 30, starting with Nisan which has 30 days. Therefore, our year always had 354 days. To synchronize our calendar with the solar year of 365.2422 days, an extra month is added every 3rd year. During the Hebrew Bible Era, the 1st day of the month began when the new moon was seen by witnesses:

2 Kings 4:23 "It is neither new moon, nor Sabbath".

Isaiah 66:23 "From new moon to new moon,..."

Therefore, the sum of any consecutive 5 months period could not equal 150 days. However, the Hebrew Bible says that the flood rain fell for exactly 5 months. The 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month, 150 days (Genesis 7:11, 24; 8:4). It could have been that they had a 30 day month and a 360 day year. We do not know, because very often in Scripture numbers are not exact. They are rounded off to the nearest 10th or 100th, thus their last digits are either 0 or 00. The Book of Numbers has many of them. Hence, one should use caution before accepting a doctrine which is founded upon, or supported by one, or more of these numbers.

Missionaries claim that this was a 360 day yearly calendar, and that it was used throughout the Biblical Era, justifying its insertion into their 70 weeks equation: 69 x 7 x 360 days = 173,880 days. They even quote New Testament verses which were written 500 years AFTER our Bible closed as "proof"!

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